How To Use The 5 Stages Of Team Development

Leaders can work with their team to help them to become more than just individuals working together on a common goal by understanding the stages of team development. The forming stage is the first stage in the team development process. The individuals selected for the team are often optimistic and enthusiastic about starting a new project. At this stage, they are polite and at times nervous about how the team is going to work together. This apprehensive behavior is usually because they are unsure of the project instructions or what their role will be. This stage is the introductory period where everyone is adjusting to being a part of the team and understanding their position on the project.

It allows all group members to edit the document in real time. It has a more sophisticated grammar checker than other programs. Storming Stage Example Or it could be something more serious, such as a disagreement about the team’s goals.

  • Each of these five stages clearly represents a step that teams go through, from start to finish, to work on a project as they complete all of the necessary steps and tasks for it to be a success.
  • Which of the following statements about difficult conversations is true?
  • But, you can point out areas of improvement or strengths to the group as a whole, without pointing fingers.
  • Support your team in using those insights to improve and encourage better team collaboration.
  • They also resolve the issues related to the role of the individual in the group.

They are also overly positive about the project, because it’s new, and new is always exciting. The Adjourning Stage — mainly characterized by a sense of closure. The Performing Stage — mainly characterized by overall synergy.

There is a good deal of sharing of experiences, feelings and ideas together with the development of a fierce loyalty towards team members. There will be arguments, disagreements and disputes but these will be facilitated positively as the team will now live and die by its rules. The manager at this stage will play very much a non-directive role, concentrating on strategy to plan the next way forward. The team will be in many ways, self-directing, perhaps even self-appraising with the manager taking very much a back-seat role. Again the manager’s role will be to facilitate communication and ensure that the successes are communicated and rewarded. The team is now considered a “high performing team.” It wasn’t easy getting to this stage, but they made it!

Compromising during the storming stage resolves conflict and pushes the team to forward. Facilitate team discussions and remind team members to be respectful of others’ opinions and comments. Team leaders may want to use visuals, such as swimlane diagrams and process flows, with everyone’s roles and responsibilities clearly outlined. Such visuals can be easily distributed to the group and can prevent arguments and confusion.

To run a great meeting, keep the team aligned, and the agenda short, specific, and action-oriented. At this point, a team constitutes of mere strangers who have many questions. At the same time, they may be anxious wondering things like how well do they fit in or if they will live up to the expectations of their supervisor. Let’s now see what typically happens in each phase of the model.


In the norming stage, the team falls into a rhythm and starts to work as a cohesive task force. Each member’s talents and skills get validated and utilized in executing the necessary tasks. As a result, the team starts to operate more effectively and gains momentum towards realizing the shared goals. Members become more comfortable with each other and understand the significance of utilizing their diverse perspectives to find practical solutions to any challenges. The norming stage is when the entire team starts to work as a cohesive unit.

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Posted: Tue, 30 Aug 2022 07:00:00 GMT [source]

It’s one thing to be given a task and quite another to get a group to successfully complete that task. As a team leader, it’s your job to help the group navigate through these insecurities and emotions and prepare for the next group formation and leadership successor. No matter what, it’s important to celebrate the team’s achievements and give them the opportunity to say good-bye to each other.

What Happens During The Storming Stage Of Team Development?

This model is known as the forming, storming, norming, and performing model . This stage can be difficult for some, but members are encouraged to take what they learn from each group they are part of to aid future groups in the progression towards the performing stage. At its peak, the group moves into the fourth stage of group development, known as the performing stage. what happens during the storming stage of team development? Competence in all members is seen, allowing for a high level of autonomy in decision making. Problem solving, experimentation and testing possible solutions are high as group members are focused on task completion and achievement. The overall objective of the group during the performing stage is to complete their mission and fulfill their purpose though goal achievement.

what happens during the storming stage of team development?

When going from the forming stage to storming, you can ask your team to have personal goals so they can see where they want to start. The adjourning phase is especially difficult for those people who are habitual of working in teams. Overall, the phase consists of mixed emotions from the members because of the team ending. For instance, they should evaluate their team process, progress and see if any of their deliverables are pending. During the norming phase, team members begin to work as a cohesive unit again and the strengths of each member are realized. When you create a team culture that values honesty and transparency, you create a sense of psychological safety for your team.

Which Is True When Developing Working Relationships With Teammates?

A deep understanding of each other’s communication preferences and work habits means that any internal conflicts are limited and managed effectively, even without a manager’s oversight. Team members now see each other’s differences as strengths—everyone fits and has a role to play. In the five decades since Bruce Wayne Tuckman developed his stages of team development, workplaces and teams have changed—and for the better. Many modern workplaces have evolved beyond basic hierarchical management structures, opting for a more collaborative team dynamic based on mutual respect, trust, and shared ideals. Most teams get to the adjourning stage at some point but that’s not always the case.

In this stage, everyone is working towards the team’s goals, and group cohesion is at an all time high. While the norming stage sounds ideal, they must move on to the performing stage for true interdependence. To facilitate this group development, leaders should continue to give constructive feedback and support, and make collaboration as easy as possible. At this stage, things are going so well that team members might fear the break up of the team if further risks and innovations are taken.


The major drawback of the norming stage is that members may begin to fear the inevitable future breakup of the team; they may resist change of any sort. Sherri has taught college business and communication courses. She also holds three degrees including communications, business, educational leadership/technology.

#5 Adjourning Stage

It’s important to remember that teams in the Norming stage may not yet have gotten everything right and still need guidance and consideration as they move towards becoming an effective team. It’s vital to stay alert to team dynamics and both individual and group performance – you may want to course correct or further strengthen certain aspects of how your team works together. Conflict can often arise if members of a team don’t feel as if their needs are being met by others on the team or the regular give and take of effective teamwork breaks down.

Effective Team Development With Project Management Software & Tools

You can then further analyze your reports to see how much time you need to finish individual project tasks and whether there is room for improvement in that time. Now, these 5 stages are vital to help you anticipate your team effectiveness, i.e. your ability to be efficient and productive with your work, both as individuals and as a group. In the norming stage, team members start to offer new ideas and suggestions. Problem solving becomes a core part of the process of collaboration, and members take responsibility for their outcomes. The team utilizes all resources to meet milestones, and team members step up to support each other.

Most teams are comprised of people from different disciplines, backgrounds, and skill sets. Particularly when people with vastly different roles work together, expectations around needs, dependencies, and how to ask for help can be very different. Avoid misunderstandings and conflicts in this area by using this exercise to help everyone in a group coordinate around what they need to succeed and find ways to articulate those needs effectively.

When you know and understand people on a more personal level, you’ll manage the team more effectively. Here are a few strategies to help you better navigate the storming phase and lead your team through this time of growth and change. Alignment Get your people in the same mindset with OKR goals and 1-on-1 meetings. During the Ending Stage, some team members may become less focussed on the team’s tasks and their productivity may drop. Alternatively, some team members may find focussing on the task at hand is an effective response to their sadness or sense of loss. Which of the following statements about difficult conversations is true?

During Which Stage Of Group Development Process Are Group Members Often On Their Best Behavior?

Remember that at any time this team could revert back to a previous stage. Or, let’s assume that Mohammed slips back into his old ways of keeping to himself and not sharing information with the team – this may cause the team to revert back to the “storming” stage. This is a simplistic view of a team working through the five stages of team development. In this stage, the team leader may not be as involved in decision making and problem solving since the team members are working better together and can take on more responsibility. The team has greater self-direction and is able to resolve issues and conflict as a group.

Can be painful to team members who are reluctant to deal with conflict. Members try to resolve the issues related to the task and working relations. She should use active listening skills and summarize Gerry’s feelings. Embracing conflict as an opportunity to exchange perspectives.

They are working effectively as a group – supporting each other and relying on the group as a whole to make decisions on the project. They can brainstorm effectively to solve problems and are highly motivated to reach the end goal as a group. The more junior members – Donna and Sarah – have really developed their skills with the support and help of the others. They have taken on leadership roles for some components of the project.

Create a weekly work plan with tasks and share it with the team. Throwing a group of talented people together doesn’t mean that they will form a great team. Hoping that your company or project will be a success won’t make it happen. Members might disagree over how to complete a task or voice their concerns if they feel that someone isn’t pulling their weight. They may even question the authority or guidance of group leaders. In the storming stage, the reality and weight of completing the task at hand have now hit everyone.

A simple example of team development is when co-workers from different departments work on the same project. At first, they may not understand each other’s roles or what to expect. They must work together, divide up the responsibilities for the project and complete it on time. This process encompasses the stages of team formation which we will discuss in more detail below. Supervisors of the team during this phase are almost always participating.

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